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Hazard Mitigation Grant Program

Losses Avoided in Matthew

The HMGP program allows families and property to move out of dangerous flood zones, have their homes elevated, or have their homes torn down and rebuilt to code with an elevated foundation. The HMGP program mitigated over 3,800 properties in Hurricane Matthew's inundation boundary.

Following large disasters, North Carolina Emergency Management and FEMA work with communities to reduce or eliminate the impacts to people and property from natural hazards; a process called hazard mitigation. After federally declared disasters, FEMA provides designated funds for hazard mitigation projects. Meanwhile, NCEM works with local governments to identify risks and vulnerabilities associated with natural disasters and develop long-term strategies to protect people and property during such events. Examples of hazard prevention efforts are:

  • Buying homes found in high hazard areas,
  • Raising up flood-prone properties,
  • Giving help in updating local hazard prevention plans,
  • Showing businesses ways to lower risks, and
  • Promoting good growth and building practices outside of high hazard areas

FEMA requires state and local governments to develop and adopt hazard mitigation plans in order to receive certain types of non-emergency disaster funds. In 2014, North Carolina’s Enhanced Hazard Mitigation Plan was approved making the state eligible for additional funds to prevent future damage. Due to the enhanced plan status, North Carolina qualifies for 20 percent (as opposed to 15) of the total federal recovery assistance funds (i.e., what has been paid out through the individual and public assistance programs combined). These funds can be used now on projects to minimize the impact of future storms.